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The CITY TOUR will take place on 12 April 2018.
This is a guided tour of the Rione Terra at Pozzuoli.
The Rione Terra is an urban district which is the first settlement of Pozzuoli, inhabited since the 2nd century B.C.
Today, the Rione Terra is the subject of a programme of recovery and of redevelopment affecting both the city above ground, which settled in 17th century, and the city of the Roman Empire underground settlement.
It is located on a small hill that made it possible to control the Carthaginian incursions from the sea.
It was vacated in the 1970 's both for the news of an alleged crisis of bradyseism, announced by geologists, and both for the poor hygienic conditions of the city. Further damaged by the Irpinia earthquake of 1980 and of a new resurgence of bradyseism, the town has long been the object of restoration and redevelopment, along with the archaeological route below. The restoration and recovery of archaeological route are still in progress.
Alberto Angela, in an episode of the television show Superquark, said: there is a district where the chapters in the long history of Pozzuoli are stacked like pages in a book, the Rione Terra.
Any expression can be more accurate than this. In fact of the whole puteoli territory, Rione Terra hill is the only place that was involved in all the historical evolutions, the early years of the Greek-Roman colonization up to the modern era. According to the Greek historian Strabo, it was probably, in 529 B.C., assisted refugees landed on the island of Samos and founded Dicerachia, the Government of the righteous. However, it was in Roman times that Pozzuoli and Rione Terra hill knew their period of greatest splendor.
Pozzuoli for centuries was, before the birth of Ostia, the harbour of Rome: this condition favoured a large development of the city, in the Republican Era before and imperial Era after. With the birth of the port of Ostia before and with the decay of the Roman Empire after, Pozzuoli quickly fell into decline and the vast city was reduced to small hill of Rione Terra.
From this point on (400 A.C.) that this corner of the city begins to "Stratify". Cultures that have succeeded have built their workshops and their homes on what was once the Roman walls.
The most striking example of this phenomenon is the Cathedral of the town of Pozzuoli, built directly on the walls of the Temple of Augustus. The Cathedral, built at the time of Spanish domination, incorporates the Roman temple of 194 B.C.
On the night between the 16 and the 17 October 1964, a fire started by the very high wooden roof that covered a vault. It was completely destroyed the central nave of the 17th-century Cathedral. The fire was so intense that develop a warmth that calcine even stone walls, thus promoting the rediscovery of the marble columns of the Temple of Augustus, which had been incorporated into the masonry of the Cathedral built during the Spanish Viceroyalty and which had lost his memory.
- Bus transfer from Palazzo dei Congressi Federico II – Via Partenope (seafront) at Pozzuoli Guided tour of Rione Terra
- Light Lunch at Villa Avellino in Pozzuoli
- Bus transfer for Palazzo dei Congressi Federico II – Via Partenope